Permanent tooth knocked out
Find the tooth. Hold it by the crown (upper part) and not by the root.
Rinse it gently in cool water for a few seconds (Don’t scrub it).
If possible put it back in its socket. In other case put it in milk or cool water
Call an emergency dentist as soon as possible.
Primary tooth knocked out
Visit an emergency dentist
The dentist will advise you if further treatment is required (space retainer).
Don’t be the victim of a preventable injury: wear a mouth guard. While mouth guards are not mandatory equipment in all sports, their worth is indisputable. Dentists see many oral and facial injuries that might have been prevented by the use of a mouth guard.
Facial injuries in nearly every sport can result in damage to teeth, lips, cheeks and tongue. Mouth guards cushion blows to the face and neck. A mouth guard should be part of every athlete’s gear, no matter the sport. It’s better to play it safe than face a devastating and painful oral injury.
Even adults are not free from the dangers of mouth injuries. Dentists treat many trauma injuries in weekend athletes. Whatever your age or sport, mouth guards are an important part of sports safety and your exercise routine. Do what you can to protect your smile and preserve your health.
Do’s and Don’ts
- Do wear a mouth guard at all times when playing sports.
- Do inform yourself about the most common oral injuries.
- Do wear a mouth guard custom-fitted by your dentist, especially if you wear fixed dental appliances such as braces or bridgework.
- Do not wear removable appliances (retainers, bridge, or complete or partial dentures) when playing sports.
What are your choices?
There are three types of mouth guards: custom-made, mouth-formed and ready-made. Custom-made mouth guards are professionally designed by your dentist from a cast model of your teeth. Because they are designed to cover all back teeth and cushion the entire jaw, they can prevent concussions caused by blows to the chin. Custom guards may be slightly more expensive than commercially produced mouthpieces, but they offer the best possible fit and protection. They are more secure in the mouth and do not interfere with speech or breathing. Calling plays or formations, for instance, will not be impeded by custom guards.
Mouth-formed guards, also called “boil and bite,” should also be fitted by your dentist. This is generally done by shaping a soft pre-formed guard to the contours of the teeth and allowing it to harden. However, these devices are difficult to design for athletes who wear braces and can become brittle after prolonged use.
Ready-made, commercial mouth guards can be purchased at most sporting goods stores and are made of rubber or polyvinyl. They are the least expensive but also the least effective.
Keep your mouth guard in top shape by rinsing it with water or mouthwash after each use and allowing it to air-dry. With proper care, it should last the length of a season or longer.